What is benign prostate hyperplasia?

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition more commonly known as enlarged prostate gland. An enlarged prostate gland can cause compression of the urethra. This can cause partial, or sometimes complete, obstruction. An enlarged prostate can interfere with the normal flow of urine and cause discomfort and inconvenience.

What are the symptoms of BPH?

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting and maintaining urination (hesitancy or straining)
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that starts and stops
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

What imaging/tests are done to diagnose benign prostate hyperplasia?

The only lab test that is universally recommended for BPH is urinalysis. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels are used as a marker for prostatic diseases, including BPH. An ultrasound can help confirm prostate size. BPH is diagnosed based on a written clinical history, digital rectal exam findings, and focused urologic examination findings.

What intervention/treatment can be performed for benign prostate hyperplasia?

There are several options for patients who suffer with BPH. When considering a possible treatment plan, your physician and you will want to consider your symptoms, the severity of the symptoms, lifestyle considerations and your own preferences.

Options to treat BPH include:

  • Watchful waiting
  • Medications
  • Prostate surgery – There are a variety of surgical options.
  • Prostate artery embolization – This is a minimally invasive, non-surgical procedure offered at RIA Endovascular.
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